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Workforce Solutions Panhandle Star TYPES OF CHILD CARE IN TEXASWorkforce Solutions Panhandle Star

There are three types of childcare regulated by The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS).
  • Licensed Child Care Centers: Child Care Centers must be licensed by the DFPS. Childcare is provided at a location other than the license holder’s residence. The center may care for seven or more children.
  • Licensed Child Care Homes: The primary caregiver must be licensed by DFPS to provide childcare in their own residence. The total number of children allowed in care varies with the ages of the children but must not exceed 12, including children related to the caregiver.
  • Registered Child Care Homes: The primary caregiver must be registered with DFPS to provide childcare in their own residence. The total number of children allowed in full day care varies with the ages of the children but must not exceed six. Care may be provided for no more than six additional elementary school children after school hours. The total number of children at any given time must not exceed 12, including children related to the caregiver.

Certain restrictions apply to all regulated caregivers.

Those restrictions limit care to ages from birth to 13 years, limit time in care to less than 24 hours per day, and set a ratio of caregivers to the number of children in care based on the ages of the children.

  • Relative Care: To be qualified to provide this type of child care, a relative must be listed with (DPFS) be the child’s grandparent, great-grandparent, aunt, uncle, or sibling who is at least 18 years of age. The relative must be related by marriage, blood relationship or court decree. In addition, the relative providing care must not reside in the same household as the child; however, there are exceptions to this rule. These exceptions must be pre-approved from Child Care Services before care can be authorized.
Note: An individual appearing on the Texas Department of Public Safety’s Sex Offender registry, pursuant to Chapter 62 of the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure, is not eligible to be a relative provider. Criminal background checks must also be submitted for individuals who regularly or frequently work or live in the home and are turning 14 years of age. Relative care must follow the same restrictions that apply to regulated care for age of the child, time in care and ratios of caregiver to children and subject to random unannounced home visits

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